Once upon a time there was a prosperous Roman town called Conímbriga,it existed thanks to the Lusitanian peace from II B.C. to the decline of IV A.D. Until one day, the Sueves plundered and almost destroyed Conímbriga and some settlers moved north to create what is now known as Coimbra. Coimbra was occupied by the Moors till the 8th century, and only became fully Christian by the end of the 11th century.
The first king of Portugal, D. Afonso Henriques, declared Coimbra as the capital of the kingdom in the 12th century.
Since the Middle Ages until the Renaissance, it was an important comercial harbour in the Mondego’s river and a centre of knowledge with the foundation of the first University of Portugal.
Coimbra has also a mistic destination called Fado, which is also the name of the musical genre typical of their students that sing about the tragic love story between the prince D. Pedro and his beloved Inês de Castro. The eternity of their love is represented in the Mosteiro de Alcobaça, and most recently a bridge conceived by Cecil Balmond.